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Devi Mahatmyam

Sri Devi Mahatmyam

Prathama Charitham




1: 42.  Thannathra vismaya karyo yoga nidhra Jagatpathe,
       mahamaya harescaithathaya sammohyathe jagat.

The great enchantress is but the yogic sleep of Vishnu, the lord of the universe. That enchantress enchants the entire world and so you need not wonder about your reaction.
(Devas do not sleep but take away their senses from happenings and forget about the world. This is the yogic sleep. )

43.  Jnaneenam aapi chethamsi devi bhagawathi hi sa,
       Baladakrushya mohaya mahamaya prayachadhi.

That famous lady Maha Maya (great enchantress) who is personification of all riches, draws the minds of even those who have special knowledge and make them behave with baser instinct of affection.
(When she can draw the instincts of those blessed with special knowledge, she can do it easily in case of people like you. )

44.  Thaya visrujyathe viswam trilokyam sa characharam,
       Saisha prasanna varada nrunaam bhavathi mukthaye.

She creates the three worlds with its movable and immovable things and though she is the cause of this attachment if she becomes pleased she grants salvation to human beings.

45.  Saa vidhya parama mukther hethu bhootha sanathani,
       Samsara bandha hethuscha saiva sarveshwareshwari.

She is the greatest knowledge, which is the cause of salvation, and she also is the ignorance that leads to attachment with the mundane world. Also she is the goddess of all gods.

46.  Rajovacha:-
       Bhagawan kaa hi saa devi, mahamayethi yaam bhavan,
       Braveethi kadamuthpanna saa karmasyasscha kim dwija.

The king told:-
       Hey Godly person, who is this holy lady who was mentioned by you as the Great enchantress? Where from was she born? Hey twice born, what are her duties?

47.  Yath prabhava cha saa devi yath swaroopa yaduthbhava,
       Thath sarvam srothumichami twatho Braavidhamvara.

Hey one of the chiefs among those who know Brhama(Ultimate truth), what are the powers of that holy lady, how does she look like and wherefrom was she born? Be pleased to tell me all these.

48.  Rishir Uvacha:-
       Nithyaiva saa Jagat moorthisthaya sarvamidham thatham,
       Thadapi that Samudpathir bahudha sruyatham mama.

The sage told:-
       That holy lady who is of the form of the universe is permanent and she has created this entire world. But be pleased to hear from me how she took form in several cases.

49.  Devaanam karya sidhyartham Aavirbhavathi saa yadha,
       Uthpannethi thada loke saa nithyaapyabhidheeyathe.
Though that holy lady exists permanently, whenever she appears in the world for helping the Devas, it is told that she was born at that time.

50.  Yoganidhraam Yada Vishnur jagathyakaarnavikruthe,
       Aastheerya seshamabhajath kalpanthe bhagwan Prabhu

51.  Thadha dwavasuraou ghorou vikhyatho Madhu Kaidabhou,
       Vishnu karna maloth bhoothou hanthum brahmanamudhyathou.

When the great Lord Vishnu entered in to his yogic slumber on the bed of Sesha, the great snake which was lying over the single ocean (the earth and sea transformed thus at the end of the world (deluge)), out of the ear wax of Vishnu two famous and terrible Asuras called Madhu and Kaidabha rose with an intention of troubling Brahma.
(Sesha also indicates that it was the only thing remaining after the deluge. )

52.  Drushtwa Thavasurou Chogrou prasuptham cha Janardhanam,
       Thushtava yoganidhram thamekagra Hrudya Sthitha

53.  Vibhodhanarthaya Harer hari nethra kruthalayam
       Visweswareem Jagad dathreem Sthithi Samhara karineem

54.  Nidhram Bhagawathim Vishnor athulam Thejasa Prabhu

That Lord Brahma who was the lord of all men sitting on the lotus flower originating from the belly of Vishnu seeing those two Rakshasas and also seeing that lord Vishnu was in deep yogic slumber prayed that “Yoga Nidhra,” who is omnipresent, who creates, looks after and destroys people, who is incomparable and who lives within the eyes of Vishnu, with an intention of waking up Vishnu.

55.  Brahma Uvacha:-
       Twam Swaha, twam Swadha, Twam hi Vashatkara swarathmika,
       Sudha Twam Akshare Nithya, tridhamathrathmika sthidha.

Brahma old,
You are one who satisfies Gods (Swaha is also the name of the wife of fire God), You are one who satisfies our manes, (swadha is the food of manes) You are the sound Vashat (the sound of fire sacrifice), you are the personification of heaven, you are Amrutha (Nectar) and you are half syllable of the three letters AA, UU and MA.

56.  Ardha Mathra Sthitha, Nithya, Yanucharya, viseshatha,
       Twameva Saa, thwam Savithree, Twam Devi, janani para,

You live in the half syllable “OM”, you are ever living, specially you are the one whose name cannot be told, You are Gayathri, and holy lady, you are the great mother of us all.

57.  Twayaithat Dharyathe Viswam, twaithat srujyathe Jagat,
       Twaiythat palyathe Devi, twamatsyanthe cha sarvadha.

Hey holy Goddess, this universe is created by you, this universe is looked after by you, and at the end you destroy this universe and thus this world is carried by you again and again.

58.  Visrushtou Srushti roopa thwam, Sthithiroopa cha palane,
       Thadha samhruthiroopanthe Jagathosya Jagan maye.

You are the all pervasive in this universe, you are the creator in creating the universe, you are the administrator in looking after the universe and you are the personification of the destruction at the end.

59.  Maha Vidhya, Maha Maya, Maha Medha, Maha Smruthi,
       Maha moha cha Bhavathi Mahadevi Mahasuri.

You are the great knowledge, you are the great enchantress, and you are the great power of knowing, you are the great knowledge of Vedas, you are the great passion, you are the great goddess and you are the great power behind Gods.

60.  Prakruthi sthwam, hi sarvasya gunathraya vibhavani,
       Kala rathrir Maha Rathrir Moha Rathrischa Dharuna.

You are mother nature which differentiates between the three qualities of Sathwa(spiritual),, Rajasa(materialistic) and Thamo(baser) instincts, you are the final night of deluge, you are the last night of Brahma, and You are the base darkness which makes one do that action which should not be done,
      
61.  Thwam Srees thwam easwari, thwam hree sthwam budhir bhoda lakshana,
       Lajja pushtisthadha thushtisthwam santhi kshanthireva cha.

You are Goddess Lakshmi, you are the wife of Lord Shiva, you are shyness, you are the intellect helping to take definite decision, you are the intellect which makes us hesitate to take decisions, and similarly you are happiness, solace and patience.

62.  Gadgini, Soolni, Ghora, Gadhini, Chakrini, Thadha,
       Sankhini, Chapini, bhanabhoosundi, parigayudha.

You are one with sword, you are one with spear, you are one who carries a head in one hand, you are one with mace, you are one with a wheel, you are one with a conch, you are one with a bow and similarly you are one with arrow, with shield and with Bhoosundi.
(This indicates that she has ten hands. )

63.  Sowmya sowmyathara sesha Sowmyestha Athisundari,
       Paraparaanaam parama thwameva parameshwari.

You are one with face full of grace and happiness, you are one with more patience, you are the most pretty among all pretty things, and you are greater than all gods are and you are the wife of Lord Shiva.

64.  Yacha kinchith kwachidvasthu sadasadwaakhilaathmikhe,
       Tasya sarvasya yaa shakthi sa twam kim sthuyase thada.

Soul of all that is in this world, I am praying to you because you are the power behind even the smallest living and thing without life.

Translated by
P. R. Ramachander * ©

Under the blessings of the holy mother.

* Please contact the author at ramya475@hotmail. com